James A. McDivitt
Brigadier General, U.S. Air Force (Retired)
Born June 10, 1929, Chicago, Illinois
Bachelor of Science, Aeronautical Engineering,
University of Michigan
About the Man
James McDivitt graduated from Kalamazoo Central High School, in Kalamazoo, Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan and in 1959, graduating first in his class, received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering.
McDivitt joined the Air Force in 1951. He flew in 145 combat missions during the Korean War in F-80s and F-86s. He graduated from the USAF Experimental Test Pilot School and the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot Course. McDivitt also served as an experimental test pilot at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
McDiviit was a General by the time NASA selected him as an astronaut in September 1962. He became Manager of Lunar Landing Operations in May 1969, and led a team that planned the lunar exploration program and redesigned the spacecraft to accomplish this task. In August 1969, he became Manager of the Apollo Spacecraft Program and was the program manger for Apollo 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16.
About the Spaceflights
June 3, 1965
Besides the docking and rendezvouz, Astronauts McDivitt and White evaluated the effects of prolonged space flight. They demonstrated and evaluated the performance of the spacecraft and systems in the 4-day flight of Gemini 4. The astronauts also evaluated procedures for crew rest and work cycles, including their eating schedules, and real-time flight planning.
Astronauts Ed White was the first American to walk in space as he performed the first EVA, extravehicular activity, for NASA, during the flight of Gemini 4. The crew made in-and-out-of plane maneuvers and conducted eleven experiments.
Flight Duration: Four days, One hour, Fifty-six minutes, and Twelve seconds
March 3-13, 1969
Flight Duration: Ten days, and One hour
The crew of Apollo 9 demonstrated support facilities for the crew, the spacecraft, and the mission during this Earth orbital flight, with a total of 152 orbits, in preparation for a manned lunar landing flight. It was the first manned flight to use all lunar hardware in Earth orbit, including the Lunar Excursion Module, LEM.
The crew also demonstrated their performance with the LEM. The Apollo 9 astronauts performed selected lunar orbit rendezvous mission activities including transposition, intervehicular crew transfer, and LEM active rendezvous and docking.
They tested human reactions to space and weightlessness.
Click on the patches to read about James McDivitt's historic spaceflights
in more detail at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Website.
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